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September 1944
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Eisenhower en Montgomery

OPERATION MARKET GARDEN
Early in September 1944 France and Belgium were already liberated from German occupation.
To end the war quickly, Field Marshall Montgomery came up with the plan to push to Arnhem through the Province of North Brabant. From there the Allies would take the German economic center and march on to Berlin. By doing so they outflanked the Siegfried line and isolated the German troops in Holland.

 
During this surprise attack, the British 2nd Army advanced from Belgium to Arnhem in two days. The road they had to use - the corridor - was captured and held open by the American 101st and 82nd Airborne Divisions. Especially the bridges were to be protected. Near Arnhem landed the British 1st Airborne Division and the Polish 1st Parachute Brigade.
The operation began on September 17th with the dropping of thousands of paratroopers on several dropzones along the corridor. The Germans succeeded in cutting off the corridor a few times. Because of the heavy fights, the corridor was given the nickname "Hell's Highway". Due to the German counteracts, the advance of the British tanks proceeded much to slow, which ultimately caused the failure of the plan. The troops that had landed near Arnhem got trapped between the Rhine and the Waal River and suffered enormous losses, before they could retreat.
The south of Holland was liberated, but the north had to stand a famine winter. The war was going to last until May 1945.